advance [ədˈvɑːns]

pay (money) to (someone) before it is due

advantage [ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ]

a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position

afternoon [ɑːftəˈnuːn]

the time from noon or lunchtime to evening

almost [ˈɔːlməʊst]

not quite; very nearly

already [ɔːlˈrɛdi]

before or by now or the time in question

always [ˈɔːlweɪz]

at all times; on all occasions

ambulance [ˈambjʊl(ə)ns]

a vehicle equipped for taking sick or injured people to and from hospital, especially in emergencies

appeal [əˈpiːl]

Law apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court

arbitration court [ɑːbɪˈtreɪʃ(ə)n kɔːt]

around [əˈraʊnd]

located or situated on every side


bank guarantee [baŋk gar(ə)nˈtiː]

a thing serving as security for a guarantee

bench [bɛn(t)ʃ]

a long seat for several people, typically made of wood or stone

border police [ˈbɔːdə pəˈliːs]

a patrol sent to keep watch over an area along a country’s border

born [bɔːn]

existing as a result of birth

breakfast [ˈbrɛkfəst]

a meal eaten in the morning, the first of the day

busy [ˈbɪzi]

having a great deal to do


car [kɑː]

a road vehicle, typically with four wheels, powered by an internal-combustion engine and able to carry a small number of people

celebration [sɛlɪˈbreɪʃ(ə)n]

the action of celebrating an important day or event

champagne [ʃamˈpeɪn]

a white sparkling wine from Champagne

cheap [tʃiːp]

low in price, especially in relation to similar items or services

cigarette [sɪgəˈrɛt]

a thin cylinder of finely cut tobacco rolled in paper for smoking

citizen [ˈsɪtɪz(ə)n]

a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized

city [ˈsɪti]

a large town

commercial [kəˈməːʃ(ə)l]

a television or radio advertisement

company [ˈkʌmp(ə)ni]

a commercial business

compartment [kəmˈpɑːtm(ə)nt]

a separate section or part of a structure or container

compensation [kɒmpɛnˈseɪʃ(ə)n]

something, typically money, awarded to someone in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury

counter [ˈkaʊntə]

a long flat-topped fitment across which business is conducted in a shop or bank or refreshments are served in a cafeteria

county [ˈkaʊnti]

a territorial division of some countries, forming the chief unit of local administration

courthouse [ˈkɔːthaʊs]

a building in which a judicial court is held

currency [ˈkʌr(ə)nsi]

a system of money in general use in a particular country

currency [ˈkʌr(ə)ns]

a system of money in general use in a particular country


day [deɪ]

each of the twenty-four-hour periods, reckoned from one midnight to the next, into which a week, month, or year is divided, and corresponding to a rotation of the earth on its axis

driver [ˈdrʌɪvə]

a person who drives a vehicle

driving licence [ˈdrʌɪvɪŋ ˈlʌɪs(ə)ns]

a document permitting a person to drive a motor vehicle


embassy [ˈɛmbəsi]

the official residence or offices of an ambassador

energy [ˈɛnədʒi]

power derived from the utilization of physical or chemical resources, especially to provide light and heat or to work machines

enough [ɪˈnʌf]

as much or as many as required

european projects [jʊərəˈpiːən ˈprɒdʒɛkt]

example [ɪgˈzɑːmp(ə)l]

a thing characteristic of its kind or illustrating a general rule

exceptional [ɪkˈsɛpʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

unusual; not typical


factory [ˈfakt(ə)ri]

a building or group of buildings where goods are manufactured or assembled chiefly by machine

fair [fɛː]

family [ˈfamɪli]

[treated as singular or plural] a group consisting of two parents and their children living together as a unit

feeding [fiːdin]

give food to

fight [fʌɪt]

take part in a violent struggle involving the exchange of physical blows or the use of weapons

flat [flat]

flight [flʌɪt]

the action or process of flying through the air

folklore [ˈfəʊklɔː]

the traditional beliefs, customs, and stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth

food [fuːd]

any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants absorb in order to maintain life and growth

force majeure [ˌfɔːs maˈʒəː]

Law unforeseeable circumstances that prevent someone from fulfilling a contract.

form [fɔːm]

the visible shape or configuration of something

format [ˈfɔːmat]

the way in which something is arranged or set out

fuel [fjʊəl]

material such as coal, gas, or oil that is burned to produce heat or power


good evening

expressing good wishes on meeting or parting during the evening

good morning

expressing good wishes on meeting or parting during the morning

good [gʊd]

to be desired or approved of

guest [gɛst]

a person who is invited to visit someone’s home or attend a particular social occasion

guide [gʌɪd]

a person who shows the way to others, especially one employed to show tourists around places of interest


hall [hɔːl]

a building or large room used for meetings, concerts, or other events

hello [həˈləʊ]

used as a greeting or to begin a telephone conversation

hello [həˈləʊ]

used as a greeting or to begin a conversation

holiday [ˈhɒlɪdeɪ]

(often holidays) an extended period of leisure and recreation, especially one spent away from home or in travelling

holiday [ˈhɒlɪdeɪ]

(often holidays) an extended period of leisure and recreation, especially one spent away from home or in travelling

home [həʊm]

the place where one lives permanently, especially as a member of a family or household


immediately [ɪˈmiːdɪətli]

at once; instantly

important [ɪmˈpɔːt(ə)nt]

of great significance or value

indication [ɪndɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n]

a sign or piece of information that indicates something

indicator [ˈɪndɪkeɪtə]

a thing that indicates the state or level of something

initiative [ɪˈnɪʃɪətɪv]

the ability to assess and initiate things independently

innovation [ɪnəˈveɪʃ(ə)n]

the action or process of innovating

interesting [ˈɪnt(ə)rɪstɪŋ]

arousing curiosity or interest; holding or catching the attention

international [ɪntəˈnaʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

existing, occurring, or carried on between nations


job [dʒɒb]

a paid position of regular employment

joke [dʒəʊk]

a thing that someone says to cause amusement or laughter, especially a story with a funny punchline


kilogram [ˈkɪləgram]

the SI unit of mass, equivalent to the international standard

kilometer [kɪˈlɒmɪtə]

a metric unit of measurement equal to 1,000 metres (approximately 0.62 miles)


lady, mrs. [ˈmɪsɪz]

the title used before a surname or full name to address or refer to a married woman without a higher or honorific or professional title

last [lɑːst]

coming after all others in time or order; final

lawyer [ˈlɔːjə]

a person who practices or studies law, especially (in the UK) a solicitor or a barrister or (in the US) an attorney.

letter [ˈlɛtə]

a written, typed, or printed communication, sent in an envelope by post or messenger

little [ˈlɪt(ə)l]

small in size, amount, or degree

luggage [ˈlʌgɪdʒ]

suitcases or other bags in which to pack personal belongings for travelling

luxury [ˈlʌkʃ(ə)ri]

a state of great comfort or elegance, especially when involving great expense


mackerel [ˈmak(ə)r(ə)l]

a predatory marine fish with a greenish-blue back, important as a food fish

manager [ˈmanɪdʒə]

a person responsible for controlling or administering an organization or group of staff

mayor [mɛː]

the head of a town, borough, or county council

merchandise [ˈməːtʃ(ə)ndʌɪs]

goods to be bought and sold

metre [ˈmiːtə]

the fundamental unit of length in the metric system, equal to 100 centimetres or approximately 39.37 inches

mister [ˈmɪstə]

sed as a form of address to a man

money [ˈmʌni]

a current medium of exchange in the form of coins and banknotes; coins and banknotes collectively

mosquito [mɒˈskiːtəʊ]

a slender long-legged fly with aquatic larvae

museum [mjuːˈzɪəm]

a building in which objects of historical, scientific, artistic, or cultural interest are stored and exhibited


napkin [ˈnapkɪn]

a square piece of cloth or paper used at a meal to wipe the fingers or lips and to protect garments

nature [ˈneɪtʃə]

the phenomena of the physical world collectively, including plants, animals, the landscape, and other features and products of the earth, as opposed to humans or human creations

necessarily [ˈnɛsəs(ə)rɪli]

as a necessary result; inevitably

necessary [ˈnɛsəs(ə)ri]

needed to be done, achieved, or present; essential

negative [ˈnɛgətɪv]

consisting in or characterized by the absence rather than the presence of distinguishing features

newspaper [ˈnjuːzpeɪpə]

a printed publication (usually issued daily or weekly) consisting of folded unstapled sheets and containing news, articles, advertisements, and correspondence

noise [nɔɪz]

a sound, especially one that is loud or unpleasant or that causes disturbance

notary [ˈnəʊt(ə)ri]

a person authorized to perform certain legal formalities, especially to draw up or certify contracts, deeds, and other documents for use in other jurisdictions


offense [əˈfɛns]

a breach of a law or rule; an illegal act

office [ˈɒfɪs]

a room, set of rooms, or building used as a place of business for non-manual work

official [əˈfɪʃ(ə)l]

relating to an authority or public body and its activities and responsibilities

oil [ɔɪl]

a viscous liquid derived from petroleum, especially for use as a fuel or lubricant

owner [ˈəʊnə]

a person who owns something


people [ˈpiːp(ə)l]

human beings in general or considered collectively

proposition [prɒpəˈzɪʃ(ə)n]

a statement or assertion that expresses a judgement or opinion


radiator [ˈreɪdɪeɪtə]

a thing that radiates or emits light, heat, or sound

radio [ˈreɪdɪəʊ]

the transmission and reception of electromagnetic waves of radio frequency, especially those carrying sound messages

recent [ˈriːs(ə)nt]

having happened, begun, or been done not long ago; belonging to a past period comparatively close to the present

recipient [rɪˈsɪpɪənt]

a person or thing that receives or is awarded something

regular [ˈrɛgjʊlə]

arranged in or constituting a constant or definite pattern, especially with the same space between individual instances

research development [rɪˈsəːtʃ dɪˈvɛləpm(ə)nt]

(in industry) work directed towards the innovation, introduction, and improvement of products and processes.

river [ˈrɪvə]

a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another river

road [rəʊd]

a wide way leading from one place to another, especially one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles can use

round [raʊnd]

shaped like a circle or cylinder


sacrifice [ˈsakrɪfʌɪs]

an act of slaughtering an animal or person or surrendering a possession as an offering to a deity

snack [snak]

a small amount of food eaten between meals

snow [snəʊ]

tmospheric water vapour frozen into ice crystals and falling in light white flakes or lying on the ground as a white layer

state [steɪt]

a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government

statistics [stəˈtɪstɪks]

the practice or science of collecting and analysing numerical data in large quantities, especially for the purpose of inferring proportions in a whole from those in a representative sample

subway [ˈsʌbweɪ]

an underground railway

sugar [ˈʃʊgə]

a sweet crystalline substance obtained from various plants, especially sugar cane and sugar beet, consisting essentially of sucrose, and used as a sweetener in food and drink


tax [taks]

a compulsory contribution to state revenue, levied by the government on workers' income and business profits, or added to the cost of some goods, services, and transactions

teaching [ˈtiːtʃɪŋ]

the occupation, profession, or work of a teacher

team [tiːm]

a group of players forming one side in a competitive game or sport

technological transfer [tɛknəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l transˈfəː]

move from one place to another

telephone [ˈtɛlɪfəʊn]

a system for transmitting voices over a distance using wire or radio, by converting acoustic vibrations to electrical signals

temperature [ˈtɛmp(ə)rətʃə]

the degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or object, especially as expressed according to a comparative scale and shown by a thermometer or perceived by touch

temporary [ˈtɛmp(ə)rəri]

lasting for only a limited period of time; not permanent

termination [təːmɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n]

the action of terminating something or the fact of being terminated

thing/s [θɪŋ]

an object that one need not, cannot, or does not wish to give a specific name to

to calculate [ˈkalkjʊleɪt]

to determine (the amount or number of something) mathematically

to climb [klʌɪm]

to go or come up a (slope or staircase); ascend

to confirm [kənˈfəːm]

establish the truth or correctness of (something previously believed or suspected to be the case)

to count on [tʊ kaʊnt on]

to count [kaʊnt]

to determine the total number of (a collection of items)

to decide [dɪˈsʌɪd]

to come or bring to a resolution in the mind as a result of consideration

to discover [dɪˈskʌvə]

find unexpectedly or during a search

to drink [drɪŋk]

take (a liquid) into the mouth and swallow

to examine [ɪgˈzamɪn]

inspect (someone or something) thoroughly in order to determine their nature or condition

to feel [fiːl]

to be aware of (a person or object) through touching or being touched

to follow [ˈfɒləʊ]

to go or come after (a person or thing proceeding ahead); move or travel behind

to get used to

to give [gɪv]

freely transfer the possession of (something) to (someone)

to go to the market

to greet [griːt]

give a polite word of recognition or sign of welcome when meeting (someone)

to hold [həʊld]

to grasp, carry, or support with one’s arms or hands

to hurry [ˈhʌri]

to move or act with great haste

to know [nəʊ]

to be aware of through observation, inquiry, or information

to leave [liːv]

to go away from

to meet [miːt]

arrange or happen to come into the presence or company of (someone)

to observe [əbˈzəːv]

notice or perceive (something) and register it as being significant

to park [pɑːk]

bring (a vehicle that one is driving) to a halt and leave it temporarily, typically in a car park or by the side of the road

to play [pleɪ]

engage in activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious or practical purpose

to practice [ˈpraktɪs]

the actual application or use of an idea, belief, or method, as opposed to theories relating to it

to pull [pʊl]

to exert force on (someone or something) so as to cause movement towards oneself

to repeat [rɪˈpiːt]

to say again something one has already said

to see [siː]

to perceive with the eyes; discern visually

to sell [sɛl]

to give or hand over (something) in exchange for money

to share [ʃɛː]

have a portion of (something) with another or others

to solve [sɒlv]

to find an answer to, explanation for, or means of effectively dealing with (a problem or mystery)

to spend [spɛnd]

give (money) to pay for goods, services, or so as to benefit someone or something

to stop [stɒp]

come to an end; cease to happen

to talk [tɔːk]

to speak in order to give information or express ideas or feelings; converse or communicate by spoken words

to think [θɪŋk]

to have a particular belief or idea

to translate [transˈleɪt]

to express the sense of (words or text) in another language

to unite [juːˈnʌɪt]

to come or bring together for a common purpose or action

to walk [wɔːk]

to move at a regular pace by lifting and setting down each foot in turn, never having both feet off the ground at once

to write down

to write [rʌɪt]

mark (letters, words, or other symbols) on a surface, typically paper, with a pen, pencil, or similar implement

traffic jam

a line or lines of stationary or very slow-moving traffic, caused by roadblocks, an accident, or heavy congestion.

train station [treɪn ˈsteɪʃ(ə)n]

trousers [ˈtraʊzəz]

an outer garment covering the body from the waist to the ankles, with a separate part for each leg

turn [təːn]

move or cause to move in a circular direction wholly or partly around an axis or point


until now [ənˈtɪl naʊ]


value [ˈvaljuː]

the regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something

vegetables [ˈvɛdʒtəb(ə)l]

a plant or part of a plant used as food, such as a cabbage, potato, turnip, or bean

village [ˈvɪlɪdʒ]

a group of houses and associated buildings, larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town, situated in a rural area

visit [ˈvɪzɪt]

an act of going to see a person or place as a guest, tourist, etc.


wardrobe [ˈwɔːdrəʊb]

a large, tall cupboard in which clothes may be hung or stored

week [wiːk]

a period of seven days

wheel [wiːl]

a circular object that revolves on an axle and is fixed below a vehicle or other object to enable it to move over the ground

why [wʌɪ]

for what reason or purpose

win [wɪn]

be successful or victorious in (a contest or conflict)

without [wɪðˈaʊt]

in the absence of

world [wəːld]

(usually the world) the earth, together with all of its countries and peoples